1996 PRINCETON COMMUNITY MASTER PLAN
adopted - December 12, 1996, amended 3/17/05
VI. UTILITY SERVICE ELEMENT
The purpose of the Utility Service Element is to ensure the existence of an adequate infrastructure for the present and projected population of Princeton, without adversely affecting the environment or the community’s quality of life. There are eight major areas of concern: Water Supply, Sewer Service, Solid Waste Disposal, Energy, Electric Power and Utilities, Storm-Water Detention Facilities, Transmission of Energy and Emerging Technologies.
Utility services play a critical role in shaping future growth. The availability of sewer and water lines, in particular, is essential for balanced development. They permit growth in appropriate locations where installation of on-site sewage disposal systems and/or private wells is impractical due to environmental constraints. By the same token, inappropriate expansion of these services can result in development inconsistent with the Master Plan, such as in areas that are environmentally sensitive, of historic significance, or designated for open space preservation.
The policy of the Utility Element is to provide adequate infrastructure to serve the needs of the Princeton community without adversely affecting the environment or quality of life in Princeton. Utility expansion should be based upon changing demands and environmental considerations. The location of new utilities or expanded facilities should guide growth to appropriate areas of the community.
1996 - 2001 GOALS
In past Master
Plans the Regional Planning Board of Princeton identified three goals which
were used as general guides in determining the future provision of utility
services. The Board has now identified one additional goal which recognizes
Princeton's responsibility to the region.
Listed below are the goals
for the 1996 - 2001 Utilities Element:
||Provide an adequate level of
utility service, at a reasonable cost, to serve the present and projected
future population of the Princeton Community.
||Facilitate the implementation of
other elements of the Master Plan through proper utility service
|| Ensure that utility service does not
have a negative impact upon the environment or quality of life within the
||Provide for the Princeton community's
fair share of regional utilities but recognize that other communities should
bear their fair share as well.
||Develop a regional master plan for
drainage to address flooding in built-up areas as well as to ensure that Lake
Carnegie is protected from polluted storm water run-off.
1989 - 1996 CHANGES
As a result of the 1989 Master Plan recommendations, Elizabethtown Water Company, the principal supplier of potable water in Princeton, improved the water distribution system. New transmission, storage and pumping facilities have recently been completed. Specifically, Elizabethtown Water Company has added a water tank to the existing tank located north of Drakes Corner Road providing a total of approximately 2.5 million gallons. Two new tanks located on Route 206 (approximately 13.75 million gallons total) came on line in early 1995.
Elizabethtown Water has also constructed a new 48" water main from its water treatment plant in Bound Brook through Hillsborough. This will greatly enhance the water supply necessary for adequate service to Princeton and several adjacent municipalities. The Rocky Hill Pump Station and Water Treatment Plant on Harrison Street have also been upgraded to better serve the Princeton region. While many of these upgrades are located in Princeton they will serve the region and represent Princeton's fair share of regional utility services.
The Mercer County 208 Sewer Service Plan has been amended as recommended in the 1989 Master Plan to include areas recommended for affordable housing and other areas not already served by sewers. In addition, environmentally sensitive areas and those with other developmental constraints have been removed from the 208 Sewer Plan area. Amendments to the 208 Sewer Plan for the Institute for Advanced Studies properties, conversion of the Pretty Brook treatment plant to a pump station and the diversion of flow from Montgomery-Rocky Hill treatment plant to SBRSA have recently been approved.
In 1989, recycling of metal goods and composting of organic materials was informally handled by the Township at the municipal landfill. Bottles, cans, and newspapers were recycled at the Township's facility in the Princeton Shopping Center. A County-wide recycling program is currently in place which provides bi-weekly curbside pick-up of all recyclable material. The Township still maintains its recycling facility at the Princeton Shopping Center as an additional convenience to its residents.
The recent amendments to the Federal Clean Air Act and the passage of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act require that we seek ways to reduce car trips as a way to clean the air and reduce congestion. The Princeton community supports this legislation and continues to promote energy conservation.
The primary concern of this element regarding electric power and communication utilities is related to underground versus aboveground installations. The Board now requires that all new utilities be placed underground. Deregulation of electrical utilities and construction of cogeneration facilities may result in a loss of revenue for the municipalities. The gross receipts and franchise tax has just been repealed by the legislature.
Eight regional detention basins were originally proposed in the Killiam report and three have been constructed. The Township's Flood Control Committee has recommended the deletion of one basin in the Princeton Ridge area due to wetland concerns.
An adequate water supply
has always been a major concern of this element. To ensure that the problems of
the early 1990's that were from drought conditions and accelerated residential
development do not reoccur, the following strategies are proposed.
- Continue to work with Elizabethtown Water Company to ensure
an adequate supply of potable water.
- Coordinate the replacement of substandard distribution mains
with road reconstruction.
- Ensure adequate water pressure and volume for fire fighting
- Encourage the replacement of outdated fire hydrants with
national standard threads.
- Ensure water quality for private wells through testing and
The maintenance and operation of the sewer collection system is the responsibility of the Joint Sewer Operating Committee (SOC), which is comprised of representatives from the Borough and Township. Treatment of sewage is the responsibility of the Stony Brook Regional Sewerage Authority (SBRSA) which treats sewerage from Princeton and several adjoining communities.
The rated capacity of the SBRSA treatment plant is approximately 11.7 million gallons per day. The most recent average flow to the treatment plant, for the 12 months period ending April 1995, was 8.929 million gallons. Sewage flow from the Princeton community was 3.878 million gallons per day during this period (approximately 43 percent of the total flow).
Capacity at the SBRSA is adequate for near term needs, however additional improvements may be necessary to meet long term growth. The SBRSA forecasts that flow from Princeton will be approximately 4.1 million gallons a day by the year 2000 and 4.4 million gallons per day by the year 2010. The SBRSA future plans include upgrading the treatment plant capacity to 13.7 million gallons per day. The SBRSA's long term expansion plans include increasing capacity to approximately 20 million gallons per day.
Existing septic systems located within the 208 Sewer Plan area are
permitted to continue unless they malfunction at which point the owners will be
required to connect to the sewer system.
- Continue the Sewer Operating Committee's inflow and
infiltration maintenance program.
- Replace sewers, as part of roadway reconstruction
- Analyze build-out and sewer flow needs for the Princeton
- Ensure that the Stony Brook Regional Sewerage Authority
treatment plant will have sufficient capacity to handle projected sewage flows
from the Princeton Community.
- Pursue ways to permit, if appropriate, Princeton to control
expansion projects at the SBRSA.
- Encourage the SBRSA not to accept additional wastewater from
new service areas.
- Continue a program for inspection and repair of stormwater
- Sewer service extensions should be consistent with the Mercer
County 208 Sewer Plan and with the present and projected capacity of the Stony
Brook Regional Sewerage Authority Treatment Plant.
- Continue the policy of balancing any proposed 208 Sewer Plan
expansion with an equal reduction in land area.
Solid Waste Disposal
Mercer County has recently decided not to construct a Regional Resource Recovery Facility. Questions regarding the financing, size, long term cost to tax payers, and environmental concerns were cogent enough to derail the project.
The Princeton community currently recycles slightly more than 50 percent of its solid waste. Most of the nonrecyclable solid waste is trucked to the Grows Landfill in Falls Township, Pennsylvania, in accordance with the Mercer County Waste Management Plan. Trash collection in the Borough is provided by the municipality via a private hauler. The Township does not coordinate trash pick-up and individual homeowners must contract with private haulers.
- Encourage recycling of glass, metals, and paper through
- Encourage the composting of yard waste.
- Investigate new ways to recycle kitchen waste.
- Assist downtown commercial properties to recycle by
encouraging shared storage areas.
- Oppose solid waste burning processes that would be
environmentally and financially damaging.
One recent example of energy conservation is Princeton University's proposal to construct a cogeneration facility to meet the needs of the University in a more efficient manner. Other examples include the Board's continued focus on improving traffic flow in Princeton by providing alternatives to the automobile as well as providing alternative routes.
The Planning Board supports policies designed to conserve energy in residential, commercial and transportation areas. The Board encourages the use of new technology to further energy conservation, cleaning the air and reducing traffic congestion.
- Encourage the incorporation of energy-efficient design
features in new development, particularly low and moderate income
- Encourage conservation measures in municipal and school
buildings, including the rehabilitation of old heating plants.
- Promote the development of expanded public transportation,
park and ride facilities, vanpooling, and other alternatives to single
occupancy vehicle trips.
- Develop innovative zoning techniques which will reduce single
occupancy vehicle trips.
Electric Power and Communications (Telephone and Cable
The Board remains committed to the underground installations of utility lines whenever possible and encourages the placement underground of existing above ground utilities whenever major road reconstruction occurs. The Board has also identified the need for greater emphasis on the screening, location, and size of above ground utility cabinets.
- Promote the installation of underground utilities in new
residential development and in historic districts.
- Encourage the relocation of existing above ground utilities
underground whenever road reconstruction occurs.
- Ensure that any above ground utility cabinet is adequately
screened and blends in with existing development. Installation of transformers
for new developments should be located on site away form occupied structures.
Storm-Water Detention Facilities
Hydraulic studies are necessary to determine what improvements can be made to correct flooding in already built-up areas. These studies should examine ways to coordinate the various existing detention facilities outflow, locations for additional detention basins, and recommend areas to desnag including dredging, rechannel streams and replacing culverts. A number of streams empty into Harry’s Brook and this drainage area should be a priority area for study. Specific flooding problems have been identified in the Meadowbrook area, Witherspoon/Spring Street/Cemetery area, Mercer Road between Springdale and Edgehill, Humbert and Greenview, and the blue stone storm sewer in Vandeventer Avenue. A special study to determine the impact of storm water run-off from Princeton University properties should be undertaken.
The Board supports the construction of regional detention basins where appropriate. Recent site development has emphasized the need for safe and environmentally sensitive design of detention basins. The regional detention feasibility study prepared by Elson T. Killiam Associates, Inc. continues to be used as a guide for planning the installation of regional detention basins as it effects new development.
Board's policy regarding stormwater control is as follows.
- Promote an integrated approach to regional storm-water
management which addresses both water quantity and quality in the Township.
- Design detention basins to fit into the natural terrain and
preserve or reforest vegetation where appropriate in the Township.
- Detention basins should be designed utilizing techniques
which minimize disturbance and the size of the basin such as diversion of flow,
compensation, and alternative quality measures.
- Control both storm water quantity and quality in the Borough
Energy Transmission Issues
Recent research has raised concern regarding the long term effect of electro-magnetic fields (EMF) on people, especially children, in close proximity to high levels of EMFs. The Board has responded to this concern by promoting a prudent avoidance strategy regarding EMFs.
Gas transmission companies are urged to carefully monitor their lines. When repair or replacement is necessary, it should be done in a coordinated way minimizing inconvenience to the public. A recent gas line explosion in the Edison area has heightened our awareness of pipeline safety. Pipelines should be carefully monitored and those developments in close proximity to these lines should have two means of egress.
- Determine the adequacy of the inspection of national gas
transmission lines to ensure public safety.
- Utilize prudent avoidance in reducing electro-magnetic
- Obtain notification regarding modifications to electrical
service from both utility companies and large users.
- Oppose upgrades to electrical service beyond 26 kilovolts.
- Develop standards which would permit an assessment of the
impact of energy use on the community by large users of energy.
technologies is a new area of concern for the Planning Board. The way
businesses and residents in Princeton will communicate, transfer data, and
collect and receive information is rapidly changing. The Board's policy is to
ensure that beneficial new technology is available to Princeton residents and
- Encourage communication companies to provide fiber optic
service to the Princeton Community.
- Develop standards to ensure proper placement and screening of
- Encourage the development of public access to computers at
schools, libraries, and municipal buildings.
- Monitor technological developments that impact
infrastructure or residents' quality of life.
- Encourage the utilization of cable television as a tool for
providing greater public access to municipal meetings and community events.